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Reports

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DISCLOSING THE FACTS 2016: TRANSPARENCY AND RISK IN HYDRAULIC FRACTURING OPERATIONS
Richard A. Liroff et al (collaboration of As You Sow, Boston Common Asset Management and IEHN)
December 2016
This is the fourth annual investor scorecard on fracturing risk disclosure, built on Extracting the Facts. It assesses the disclosures of 28 oil & gas companies regarding management of risks from hydraulic fracturing operations.
View full report and press release

disclosing the facts 2015: transparency and risk in hydraulic fracturing operations
Richard A. Liroff et al (collaboration of As You Sow, Boston Common Asset Management and IEHN)
December 2015
This is the third annual investor scorecard on fracturing risk disclosure, built on Extracting the Facts. It assesses the disclosures of 30 oil & gas companies regarding management of risks from hydraulic fracturing operations.
View full report and press release

DISCLOSING THE FACTS 2014: TRANSPARENCY AND RISK IN HYDRAULIC FRACTURING OPERATIONS
Richard A. Liroff et al (collaboration of As You Sow, Boston Common Asset Management, Green Century Capital Management, and IEHN)
December 2014
This is the second annual investor scorecard on fracturing risk disclosure, built on Extracting the Facts. It assesses the disclosures of 30 oil & gas companies regarding management of risks from hydraulic fracturing operations.
View full report and press release

disclosing the facts: transparency and risk in hydraulic fracturing operations
Richard A. Liroff et al (collaboration of As You Sow, Boston Common Asset Management, Green Century Capital Management, and IEHN)

November 2013
This scorecard, building on Extracting the Facts, assesses the disclosures of 24 oil & gas companies regarding management of risks from hydraulic fracturing operations.
View full report and press release

extracting the facts: an investor guide to disclosing risks from hydraulic fracturing operations
Richard A. Liroff

December 2011
This report offers best practice recommendations to companies for reporting and reducing risks and impacts from natural gas operations in shales relying on hydraulic fracturing.
View full report (6.8 MB PDF)
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bridging the credibility gap: eight corporate liability accounting loopholes that regulators must close
Sanford Lewis, Esq.
June 2009
The current financial crisis has highlighted the failure of the federal regulatory system to ensure honest accounting. This report examines a set of disclosure loopholes yet to be closed relating to whether companies provide honest accounting on their potential and pending liabilities. It focuses on two case studies — asbestos and nanomaterials — to assess the effectiveness of the existing regulatory system and to develop recommendations for improvements.
View full report (932 KB PDF)
View video interview with author
(13 mins., Flash)

Public Awareness Drives Market for Safer Alternatives: Bisphenol A Market Analysis Report
Paul S. Bailin, M.A., with Margaret Byrne, M.S., Sanford Lewis, Esq., and Richard Liroff, Ph.D.
September 2008
This report analyzes market trends for companies that make products containing bisphenol A as well as businesses developing and selling BPA-free products. Despite the continuing debates regarding the interpretation of emerging scientific data on BPA exposure, consumers and many manufacturers and retailers erred on the side of caution — choosing to reduce exposure to this chemical.
View full report (300 KB PDF)

Toxic Stock Syndrome: How Corporate Financial Reports Fail to Apprise Investors of the Risks of Product Recalls and Toxic Liabilities
Sanford Lewis, Esq.
April 2008
Product toxicity review finds annual securities reports fail to disclose financial risks known to corporate managers from: supply chain weaknesses before and after the 2007 toy recalls due to lead paint; the new European chemical regulatory program, "REACH"; scientific studies showing chemicals in cleaning products can contribute to asthma; studies signaling potential health hazards from the Bisphenol A in baby bottles and other products; and studies of health risks of nanotechnology.
View full report (1,710 KB PDF)

mutual neglect: how the largest institutions in the stock market ignore health problems and financial threats stemming from toxic product liabilities
Bill Baue, Jonas Kron, Sanford Lewis, Richard A. Liroff, Tim Little
February 2008
Toxic chemicals in products may create liabilities for companies and their shareholders. This report reviews mutual funds' voting records on shareholder resolutions addressing toxic chemical issues and offers recommendations to the mutual fund industry and investors in mutual funds
View full report (1,000 KB PDF)

ENVIRONMENT, HEALTH AND SUSTAINABLE BUSINESS ENTER THE MAINSTREAM
Professor Andrea Larson and students from the University of Virginia Darden Graduate School of Business
April 2007
Six mini-case studies cosponsored by IEHN offer examples of innovation and efficency that save money, eliminate chemical hazard and toxicity, differentiate products and services, increase profits and revenues, and enhance brands.
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FIDUCIARY GUIDE TO TOXIC CHEMICAL RISK
Jane Ambachtsheer, Jonas Kron, Richard A. Liroff, Tim Little, Rachel Massey
March 2007
This report states the case for institutional investors — especially state and local government pension funds — to engage investment advisors, managers, and portfolio companies on safer chemicals issues so to preserve and enhance shareholder value — and provides a toolkit for doing so.
View full report (3,545 KB PDF)

BENEATH THE SKIN: HIDDEN LIABILITIES, MARKET RISK AND DRIVERS OF CHANGE IN THE COSMETICS AND PERSONAL CARE PRODUCTS INDUSTRY
Tim Little, Sanford Lewis, Pamela Lundquist
February 2007
Beneath the skin of the glamorous cosmetics industry lurks the ugly specter of undisclosed and unquantified risk — posing problems for investors who need to make portfolio decisions based on financial facts, rather than marketing fragrance.
View full report (2,078 KB PDF)

CROSS CUTTING EFFECTS OF CHEMICAL LIABILITY FROM PRODUCTS
Innovest Strategic Value Advisors. Report prepared by Heather Langsner, Noran Eid
January 2007
This report comparies companies' chemical management policies in several sectors and offers case studies of leading edge companies.
View full report (204 KB PDF)

TOXIC CHEMICALS — ASIAN INVESTORS ARE AT-RISK
Melissa Brown, Association for Sustainable and Responsible Investment in Asia
January 2007
Based on collaborative research with IEHN, this report describes risks to investors arising stemming from how Asian governments address toxic chemical issues, rising consumer concern in the region, and shortcomings in Asian supply chains.
View full report (94 KB PDF)

BENCHMARKING CORPORATE MANAGEMENT OF SAFER CHEMICALS IN CONSUMER PRODUCTS — A TOOL FOR INVESTORS AND SENIOR EXECUTIVES
Richard A. Liroff
February 2005
This paper and derivative journal article identify innovative corporate programs to reduce product toxicity, and offer a governance framework of benchmarked “best practices” that corporate managers can use to assess their companies’ practices and investors can use in screening investments, managing portfolio risk, and engaging in shareholder actions.
View full report (335 KB PDF)
View journal article (222 KB PDF)


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